Endovascular Neurosurgery - Advantages, Conditions and Best Treatment & Surgery from World Class Hospitals in India

Endovascular Neurosurgery or Interventional Neuroradiology is a medical speciality in which minimally invasive diagnostic and therapeutic procedures for cerebrovascular disorders are performed under radiological guidance. It is somewhat similar to the treatment carried out in the heart by cardiologists, such as angioplasty or stent placement. In these procedures, very thin catheters or wires are placed through blood vessels in groin and navigated in the blood vessels to the site of the abnormal vessels.

This is followed by diagnostic or therapeutic procedures. These procedures are done instead of open surgery and in some cases to supplement the conventional surgery. Since these procedures avoid open surgery, it leads to better outcomes and shorter recovery times. Neurointerventions play a crucial role in diagnosis and management of brain aneurysms, stenosis of arteries such as carotid arteries, Arteriovenous malformations, acute ischaemic stroke.

Why Endovascular NeuroSurgery at World Class Hospital in India

  • Use of Bi-plane technology - visualization in 2 planessimultaneously and 3D imaging of blood vessels.
  • Advanced Dyna CT capability enhances the ability ofEndovascular surgeon to perform most accurately in delicate vascular areas like brain.
  • Minimal incision similar to cardiac treatment, such as angioplasty or stent placement.
  • Very thin catheters or wires placed through groin are navigated in to the blood vessels of the brain.
  • Diagnostic (Cerebral or Spinal Angiography) or Therapeutic procedures for Intracranial Aneurysms, Arterial Stenosis, Stroke (Brain attack), Arteriovenous Malformations, Vertebroplasty and Percutaneous Sclerotherapy.
  • Tumour Embolisation is done to reduce bleeding during surgery.

  • Advantages of Endovascular Neurosurgery/ Interventional Neuroradiology

    • The endovascular approach ensures minimal injury to normal brain.

    • It has fewer complications, better outcome and ensures shorter hospital stay.

    • Enables treatment of diseases, which could be treated in the past.

    • Acute stroke patients can be treated even many hours after the stroke.

    Conditions in which InterventionalNeuroradiology/Endovascular Neurosurgery is performed

    Cerebral or Spinal Angiography DSA (Digital Subtraction Angiography) is considered as the 'gold standard' investigation to diagnose diseases of blood vessels and is performed when a vascular disease is suspected. Intracranial Aneurysms Aneurysms are focal swelling of blood vessels, which can burst and cause bleeding in the brain. Endovascular coiling can treat these aneurysms, thus avoiding open surgery. Studies have shown that coiling treatment leads to better outcomes as compared to open surgical clipping.

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